All You Need To Know About Acrobatic Gymnastics
Imagine graceful dancing and skilled gymnastics moves being performed together – that’s what acrobatic gymnastics is all about! Performed in pairs, trios, and groups, acrobatic gymnastics requires grace, strength, flexibility, and balance. It differs from other forms of gymnastics in being more artistic, graceful, and entertaining, and requiring exceptional choreography and synchronisation. Because acrobatic gymnastics focuses heavily on body control on the ground as well as in the air, it is often included by some countries in the training programmes for pilots, cosmonauts, and astronauts. All acrobatic gymnastics routines are performed to music on a 12 X 12 metre sprung floor surface, making it a treat to watch live and on television!
History of Acrobatic Gymnastics
Acrobatics was a form of exercise and entertainment long before the inception of gymnastics in ancient Greece and Rome. It was a key part of social events in Greece, known as symposiums. It was also part of early travelling circuses which included tumblers, jugglers, and acrobats, all performing impressive routines for entertainment. The modern competitive form of acrobatic gymnastics was first practised in the Soviet Union in the 1930s, later becoming prominent in the USA in the 1970s. It wasn’t until 1998 that the discipline was adopted by the International Gymnastics Federation to unite all the gymnastics disciplines and eventually make acrobatics an Olympic sport.
Acrobatic Gymnastics Routines
Acrobatic gymnastics is a partnership sport. It requires immense courage and trust between the different acrobats performing the routines. These partnerships can be of mixed pairs (one male and one female), women’s groups (three females), women’s pairs (two females), men’s groups (four males), or men’s pairs (two males). The acrobatic gymnastics partnerships are created based on the physical and psychological skills and qualities of the gymnasts.
- The top aerial part includes acrobats with small physical features, who are highly flexible and nimble.
- The base portion is made up of acrobats with larger body forms, who are stronger, steady, and more powerful.
Competitive acrobatic gymnastics routines generally last for up to 2 minutes and 30 seconds, and include complex balancing acts, incredible multiple and twisting somersaults, and many other fascinating moves and catches that are as thrilling to watch as they are to perform. The gymnasts must work in unbelievable harmony and coordination and have complete faith in their partners to be able to perform acrobatic gymnastics routines perfectly.
There are three different elements to an acrobatic gymnastic routine – static(balance), dynamic, and combined.
- Static – Must include balanced pyramidal constructions held for 3 seconds, as well as other exercises based on strength, flexibility, and agility.
- Dynamic – Must include flight routines such as throws, pitches, catches, and dynamic tumbling elements.
- Combined – Must include both the dynamic and the static elements.
The sport is governed by the International Federation of Gymnastics (FIG) and includes four categories at the competition level, based on age groups – 11–16 years, 12–18 years, 13–19 years, and 15+ (Senior) years.
Regardless of the form, it is best to start early when it comes to training in gymnastics. If you are looking for a reliable local gymnastics club in Milton Keynes to enrol your child, there is no better club than MK Springers! Visit our website to learn more about our training sessions and contact us on 01908 217788 to check availability.